Christine Lakshmi provides her clients with a quality of attention, "one on one" therapist to client contact of 90 minute sessions. Physical therapy for adult and pediatric populations may include manual therapy, developmental movement reeducation, core strengthening, endurance training, balance training, self care, postural reeducation and biofeedback.

Christine offers an integrative healing approach that includes the Feldenkrais Method®, Visceral Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy, Lymph Drainage and Myofascial Release.

Feldenkrais Method®

feldenkrais method, cross-body awareness, hand, knee

The Feldenkrais Method® is a form of somatic education that uses gentle movement and directed attention to improve movement and enhance human functioning. Through this Method, you can increase your ease and range of motion, improve your flexibility and coordination, and rediscover your innate capacity for graceful, efficient movement. Since we are moving every moment of our lives, improving how we move can improve all that we do and enhance functioning in other aspect of your life.

The Feldenkrais Method® is based on principles of physics, biomechanics and an empirical understanding of learning and human development. By expanding the self-image through movement sequences that bring attention to the parts of the self that are out of awareness, the Method enables you to include more of yourself in your functioning movements. Students become more aware of their habitual neuromuscular patterns and rigidities and expand options for new ways of moving. By increasing sensitivity the Feldenkrais Method® assists you to live your life more fully, efficiently and comfortably.

Read more about the Feldenkrais Method® and its founder Moshe Feldenkrais.

People who would benefit from Feldenkrais Method® would include individuals with postural and movement dysfunction, arthritis, headaches, neck and back pain, repetitive stress injuries, trauma related injuries, stress related imbalance, vertigo, and balance issues.

CranioSacral Therapy

CranioSacral Therapy

CranioSacral Therapy is a holistic manual therapy approach that uses gentle touch to evaluate, balance and enhance the function of the craniosacral system in the body. This system includes the bones, nerves, fluids including the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and connective tissue of the cranium and spinal area.

A key principle in CranioSacral Therapy is that every part of the body, and every aspect of every part of the body should move in good symmetry, quality, amplitude and rate in the craniosacral rhythm. Stress, trauma and tensions tend to hold a pattern in the body, which creates a block to this full movement. This tension can lead to long term physical, physiological and social/relational problems. Rhythmic changes in pressure of the CSF are transmitted to the spine, cranium, pelvis and connective tissue. The therapist can assess the craniosacral rhythm with regard to symmetry, quality, amplitude and rate and perceive restrictions or imbalances.

CranioSacral Therapy helps to release these restrictions and abnormal tensions, and help to facilitate harmonious movement and balance of the system. The practitioner supports the "Inner Wisdom" and the body's process to self correct with minimum force and a neutral intention.

Read more about CranioSacral Therapy and one of its leading pioneers and developers, John Upledger.

People who would benefit the most from this work would include individuals with trauma including those from high impact traumas such as closed head injuries, birth injuries, strokes, structural imbalance, whiplash and neck pain, headaches and migraines, low back pain and sciatica, strains and traumatic lesions, anxiety, and post traumatic stress.

Visceral Manipulation

visceral manipulation treatment for knee injury

Visceral Manipulation is a manual therapy that consists of gentle, specifically directed forces that encourage normal mobility, tone and function of the viscera and their connective tissues. This same principal to treat dysfunction of the viscera can also be applied to all structures including the nervous, vascular and lymph system.

Motion is life. For an organ, nerve, blood or lymph vessel to be healthy and have optimal function there needs to be motion. Tissues lose their normal motion when they become inflamed. Many factors can cause inflammation including infections, direct trauma, diet, environmental toxins, and emotional stress. As a result, fixed points of tension may develop, and the body is forced to move around them.

Read more about Visceral Manipulation and its developer, Jean-Pierre Barral.

People who would benefit from Visceral Manipulation would include individuals with direct trauma including surgery, Whiplash, neck and back pain, strains and traumatic lesions, post-surgical scars, allergies, digestive disorders, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic inflammation and infections, and women’s health issues.

Neural Manipulation

neural manipulation treatment for leg pain

"Neural" refers to the nervous system of the body, which includes the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves. This delicate system acts as a communication highway throughout the body, and when it is not operating properly, pain and loss of function can result. Neural Manipulation identifies local nerve restrictions and fixation while examining their effects on the rest of the body. The application of these gentle techniques re-establishes communication in the body and improves its ability to adapt and restore itself to optimal health.

Neural Manipulation is a gentle hands-on manual therapy comprised of precise gentle engagement, mobilization and elongation of the soft tissues, and most specifically the nerves. Underneath the pain or diagnosis is a compensatory pattern created in the body with the initial source of the dysfunctionkj often being far from where the pain is felt. Because of this, the practitioner searches for this pattern and the source, and treats the related tissues. As the source of a problem is released, symptoms will start to decrease.

Read more about Neural Manipulation and its developers, Jean-Pierre Barral and Alain Croibier.

People who would benefit from neural manipulation include individuals with low back pain and sciatica, headaches and migraines, carpal tunnel syndrome, joint pain, digestive disorders, post-operative scar tissue pain, whiplash injuries, vertigo, sprains and traumatic lesions, thoracic outlet syndrome, neuralgia and neuritis, tendinitis and more.

Myofascial Release

myofascial release

Fascia is an important part of the musculoskeletal system. It is comprised of connective tissue (collagen fibers and ground substance) that surrounds every muscle, organ, nerve, and blood vessel. Its function is to protect, support, lubricate, and allow smooth movement of the tissues and balances the forces acting upon the musuloskeletal system throughout the body. They are classified according to their distinct layers, their functions and their anatomical location: superficial fascia, deep (or muscle) fascia, and visceral (or parietal) fascia

In trauma leading to over stretching and tearing of the arteries, veins and nerves, the musculoskeletal system will protect the injured vessels and nerves by contracting the surrounding muscles (producing spasms) and associated twisting of the fascia. Myofascial Release is a form of soft tissue therapy for the connective tissue used to treat somatic dysfunction and resulting pain and restriction of motion. The manual therapy approach can be gentle or very deep and specific depending on the area and nature of the dysfunction.

Read more about Myofascial Release one of its leading developers, John Barnes

People who would benefit from Myofascial Release would include individuals with scars, muscle spasms, sprains, strains, stress, chronic inflammation and pain, post surgical, and trauma.

Lymph Drainage

lymph drainage, immune system

Lymph Drainage is a form of manual therapy which helps to activate fluid circulation, drain toxins, stimulate the immune system, stimulate the parasympathetic system, reduce pain and muscle spasm.

The lymphatic system (part of our immune system) is made up of lymph vessels, lymph nodes, and lymphatic fluid. The Lymphatic system provides one way for the blood to return to the heart. This system helps absorb excess fluid, proteins, toxins and debris from the interstitial compartment, recovers and return substances to the blood circulation, regulates the fluid volume and pressure in a tissue, helps transport immune cells, throughout the body, and carries food(fatty acids) to the circulation.

The indications for Lymph Drainage Therapy are edema (swelling), the abnormal accumulation of fluid in extracellular spaces. I focus on lymphodynamic edemas, where the lymph vessels are functioning correctly but can't handle the excessive stagnant liquid in the connective tissue. Most of the time the causes of the edema need to be corrected first. Edemas of different origins include traumatic, post infectious, dermatologic, premenstrual, neurologic, edemas associated with autoimmune disease, gynecologic, arteritis, arterial hypertension (high blood pressure), etc.

Read more about Lymph Drainage and leading developer Bruno Chikly.

People who would benefit from lymph drainage would include individuals with trauma, headaches, concussions, sprains, stress, chronic inflammation and pain, muscle spasms, asthma, scars, and women's health issues such as painful menses.